Using a relevant context such as disaster management, students evaluate existing information systems, examine approaches to make information available to the public and assess how well they meet community needs. Students can examine the functioning of one type of information system that could be applied in a new way to meet a community or national need in terms of disaster management. A focus of this inquiry is to collaborate with others to create a digital solution, using agreed protocols.
Flow of Activities
A disaster information system is an example of an emerging information system designed to protect communities.
Generally, the process to develop these systems includes describing the problem, gathering information, specification of the system requirements, design, construction and implementation of the system, followed by review.
An information system for a warning system typically requires users to access information in a relevant format, often transmitted from a central location. The system includes computer hardware and software, telecommunications, databases and storage, people and procedures.
Maps with overlays of spatial information provide data that enable patterns and trends to be identified more easily than numerical data on its own.
Smart phones can be used for a range of purposes. Messaging apps enable text messages and images to be sent and received. Mobile phone data provides information about the user’s location through the built-in GPS receiver. Another program is the phone’s voice-activated assistant, which translates words into a digital signal. Smart phones also have email capabilities. Social media apps enable immediate updates of information and can be used to locate missing people (eg using the ‘Find my phone’ app) or the location sharing feature in SnapChat.
Students design a digital solution, applying their understandings by first empathising with the target audience, going through a process of ideation and then designing.