Data is the vital ingredient to creating information and digital solutions. Students should collect different types of data, such as text, numeric, sound and image (still and moving) to answer a meaningful question and then use different software to organise and present data, such as spreadsheets and animation software. Explicitly teach students how to input data into a spreadsheet to organise and present the data. Use different software to present data. Students Explore a range of different formats for presenting data and information.
Flow of Activities
Data can be classified into groups according to common characteristics present in the data.
Data can be classified according to a range of factors, such as:
Alternatively you may want to introduce Artificial Intelligence (AI) and explore how a computer sees using data from images and video. The AI detects an object and makes a prediction of its classification for example a car or a traffic light. Introduce classification using the sorting of images for example Australian animals. Identify features or characteristics and sort according to these. Data can be organised in different ways.
Spreadsheet software is particularly useful for manipulating numbers by methods such as sorting, filtering, calculating. Spreadsheet software includes MS Excel for windows, Numbers for iOS and Apache OpenOffice as an open source alternative.
When entering data into a spreadsheet, it is important to think about how the data is to be organised; for example, what headings and what format will each cell require – numbers, text, etc?
Guidelines may include these instructions:
Charts are used to display series of numeric data in a graphical format, to make the data easier to understand and to clarify any relationships between the different series of data.
Different types of software that we use have certain functions that make them suitable for particular purposes.
Spreadsheet software enables us to organise, find patterns in data and present the data as information. Image editing software enables photographs to be modified to suit a purpose. Photographs, for example, can be increased or decreased in size, repositioned or have their brightness adjusted.
Y charts, Venn diagrams and T charts are some useful ways to present simple information visually and to organise thinking.
Infographics are a way to visually present data, and are intended to give a simple overview of a complex subject. They may include charts, graphics and, usually, minimal text.