|Artificial intelligence (AI)||The ability of machines to mimic human capabilities in a way that we would consider 'smart'.|
|Machine Learning||An application of AI and a process we give the machine lots of examples of data, demonstrating what we would like it to do so that it can figure out how to achieve a goal on its own. The machine learns and adapts its strategy to achieve this goal.|
|Ethical issue||A situation where there are competing alternatives and the right thing to do is not obvious or clear. Sometimes terms such as good, bad, wrong, better or worse are used to consider the effect of particular actions on our lives, society, nature and the environment.|
|Ethical behaviour||Acting according to accepted standards of conduct|
Adapt this learning map to suit your student’s needs. For example for students at Year 6, a learning map might look like:
|By the end of this lesson students will:||Mindset||Skillset||Toolset|
Develop an understanding of information systems that include an AI application.
Explain how AI systems can impact on society both positively and negatively.
Apply ethical understanding as they respond to examples of AI systems.
|Analytical, Reflective, Curious||Collaborating, Clarifying||
Scenarios describing AI applications supported by media (video and/or online articles)
Use the thinking routine See, think, wonder for students to stimulate curiosity and to reflect on an image or video related to AI systems.
Examples may include:
|An image:||A video:|
Use a table for students to record their responses.
Share reflections as a class. These ideas could be recorded using an online collaboration tool such as Padlet.
What do students’ reflections reveal about their knowledge, interest, beliefs and questions that may arise about AI systems?
What do you see?
What details stand out?
|What do you think is going on?||What does this make you wonder?|
Introduce ethical behaviour as a starting point to enable students to analyse and discuss AI applications that require development according to ethical principles.
Pose the question: How do we know right from wrong?
Explain that sometimes we are faced with an issue. We have to choose what is the right thing to do even though it may not always be clear at first or the outcome may not be ideal for everyone involved.
Talk through the following examples:
You see a person drop $5 in the street. Do you pick it up and keep it or chase after her to give it back?
As you go to put in your test paper you see a couple of classmates' answers which are different to yours. Do you go back and change your answers?
A new student to the school is teased about her cultural background by your group of friends. You want to say something but don't want to be excluded from the group – after all it's only teasing.
Explain the term ethical behaviour.
How might ethics be part of the development and use of AI systems? Students write a few ideas on post it notes and add them to the board. Group them under common headings.
Introduce scenarios to discuss ethical issues relating to AI applications using the AI quiz. Refer to the notes section for background information and question prompts.
Explain that there are no right or wrong answers; choose the response they feel is the ‘right’ thing to do.
Explain that it is a chance to apply their understanding of ethics.
As a class, view the first question together.
Provide an opportunity for students to select a response A, B, C or D.
Question 1: Facial recognition
Discuss their responses using the following question prompts:
For remaining questions covered in the quiz refer to AI quiz: discussion.
Teachers could set up the quiz as an online poll to collect data and present that data back to the class for analysis. For example, teachers could use Google Forms to add the questions and options and view completed responses.
Use the think-pair-share strategy for students to develop a set of guidelines they think AI developers should follow.
Share students’ ideas as a class.
Consider an ethical approach as doing the ‘right’ thing in all manner of situations.
Students choose three situations where they think it is important that an AI system incorporates a sound use of ethics.