The key initiative that really got the use of drones off the ground was the Drone Coding and Racing Project for students in years 7 to 10. This was a whole-day event involving students in our Excellence programs. The Mathematics team was a group of boys led by the Mathematics Head of Department (HOD). The all-girl team was led by the Technology HOD, and a mixed team was led by the Science HOD and myself (a keen drone pilot). Teams trained once a week before school for almost two terms. Once training was complete, the students had a full day of challenges to test their skills in manual flight, coding, teamwork, and problem solving. Prizes (Parrot Mambo micro-drones) were donated and presented by a local engineering company.
Teachers and HODs in Science, Mathematics, and Technology completed an ‘In School Drone Day’ with SheMaps. This course taught us how to fly drones manually, using small steps such as flying the drone in a box and returning to the starting point. We then learnt to code the drone to take photos of a satellite image in a problem-solving exercise. We used the Parrot Mambo micro-drones, Lenovo tablets and resources provided by SheMaps. At the start of this course, I was not confident at all, but by the end I could fly a drone and I was hooked!!
With classes of 28 students, the school purchased a set of 14 Parrot Mambos micro-drones. We then installed the Free Flight Mini app for flying, and Tynker app for coding onto iPads which the school already had purchased. We chose the Parrot Mambos because this was what we were familiar with, they were affordable and they belonged to the class of drones that can be flown indoors. They also come with a downward facing camera and have a cannon and grabber tool, which allows for a whole range of activities to be delivered across different learning areas. A similar alternative is the DJI Tello. For more information, refer to the SheMaps article: The ultimate guide to buying a drone for your school.
In a large Science department like ours, the school is able to employ science technical assistants. They organised a drawer trolley to store each drone with its controller, batteries and spare parts in its own place while still being transportable. Having someone in charge of the drones and batteries has really helped with the logistics, and ensured the longevity of an expensive set of resources. A smaller school might look at fewer drones and have students work in teams of three: pilot, co-pilot, and reporter/videographer).
Since the Drone Coding and Racing Project we have been using the drones mainly in the Science and Technology learning areas, but they can also be used in other learning areas. Some examples of how we’ve used the drones include the following:
SheMaps has a large range of lesson plans aligned to the curriculum available for teachers.
(Adapt to suit context, such as learning areas, class size and physical resources).
You will need to think about the size of your class and the space available to allow for an indoor drone lesson. A fully enclosed sports hall is ideal, a classroom would only work with a very small group of students. I have used a double classroom with a small class of 12 students. Six groups of two students lined up in the middle, with three of the groups flying into one classroom and three into the other. This involved moving ALL the desks to provide a free open space.
You will need safety glasses for every student and hair must be tied back. Once students know the rules, and have completed safety checks, they can learn to fly the drone in a simple box pattern to land back on the landing pad. Changing altitude (no higher than shoulder height) and rotating horizontally to complete the same box would complete the lesson. Awarding points for landing all four rotors on the mat tends to keep students engaged and flying safely.
Image credit: Trinity Bay State High School
Using a satellite image mat purchased through SheMaps, students can use Tynker and block coding to program the drone to capture images of a point of interest on the satellite map. As our school is located near the Great Barrier Reef we give them a scenario related to the local area and set a challenge to collect information (data) using the drone. This could include collecting data on mangrove distribution, assessing cyclone damage, counting the rubbish items in a river system (small items we place on the mat to represent rubbish).
This is a great problem-solving exercise as students will need to adjust their code if they don’t get the required information. This activity requires less space than free flight but will need an area away from the mat for the groups to sit and write their code, or download and analyse their pictures for the required information on the tablet. They will be moving back and forth to test and retest their code, so giving clear safety instructions is essential. Planning their sequence on paper can also be included.
Allowing for time lost due to technical issues is important. Students can get frustrated if: their drone won’t connect to the tablet, it isn’t flying, there are no spare batteries, their pictures won’t download … all these things require patience and need to be planned for. It happens to all of us, in the classroom and in the field, and it’s important to make this clear to students. These issues can often be easily solved (spare drones, joining other groups, reconnecting) but do need to be planned for.
Analysing the data can take time. Students need to be able to view the photos on their tablet and respond to the given challenge. You might be continuing the previous lesson or extending it. It may be that in this second lesson, the image mat is hidden from students using a barrier that the drone can fly over (desks tipped on their sides). Students are tasked to bring back information (data) to analyse and answer a question, such as: How long is the whale (a cut-out or printed image you’ve placed on the ocean part of the satellite image mat) given you know the dimensions of a nearby boat (image placed onto mat)? SheMaps have used this challenge on their drone days.
The previous lessons relate to work that senior students at our school do in Marine Science. They use larger drones outdoors on an island to collect mangrove data with automated missions and fly manually to search for sharks and sting rays in the bay during low tide. Use this lesson to come up with ways your drone missions could be extended to outdoors and used by scientists, search and rescue missions, and so on.
Discuss the safety implications for flying drones outdoors. What other factors need to be considered when flying outdoors? (drone size, camera type and positon, tablet size, reflection of water, glare on screens, safe take-off and landing position, distance and battery life, wind, helicopters, planes, people, buildings)
Keeping up to date with drone safety regulations (CASA) and making use of the SheMaps Online PD and Resources have been essential to our success.
Further PD we completed included teachers getting their Remote pilot licence (RePL) through a teacher program with World of Drones Education, geospatial mapping courses (SheMaps) and the purchase of larger drones for use in senior subjects.