This document supports educators in the interpretation of the Australian Curriculum: Digital Technologies F-10 Achievement Standards (Figure 1).
Figure 1: ACARA Digital Technologies F-6 Achievement Standards
This document supports educators in interpreting the Australian Curriculum: Digital Technologies achievement standards by extracting the key text from the Australian Curriculum website and presenting it in the form of a table (Table 1). The layout of the table aligns with the layout of the Digital Technologies: Sequence of Content F-10 document (Figure 2) and can be used to support assessment planning and the design of assessment activities. Please note, that this is not a document to replace existing Australian Curriculum documents, rather it is to support you in your interpretation of the Achievement Standards.
Figure 2: ACARA Digital Technologies sequence of content documents
The Australian Curriculum achievement standards provide a focus for teachers in initial planning and programming of teaching and learning activities (ACARA, 2010). They provide a guide for what is expected to be taught by the end of each year/band.
Teachers use the achievement standards at the end of a period of teaching, to make judgments about student learning (whether the student has achieved below, at, or above the standard). Teachers draw on assessment data they have collected as evidence during the course of the teaching period to support their judgements.
Teachers use the Australian Curriculum achievement standards and content to identify current levels of learning and achievement, and then to select the most appropriate content (possibly from across several year levels) to teach individual students and/or groups of students (ACARA, 2010). Teachers develop teaching programs designed to build on current learning. In each class, there may be students with a range of prior achievement (below, at or above the year/band level expectations).
According to ACARA, F-8, jurisdictions and schools, can choose to report against the learning area achievement standard or the subject-specific achievement standard (see Figure 1). The Technologies: Sequence of achievement provides an overview of achievement across the bands for both Design and Technologies and Digital Technologies.
Based on the achievement standards for the Australian Curriculum: Digital Technologies the statements of achievement have been drawn out and mapped to the threads of the knowledge and understanding strand and the processes and production skills strand. ACARA base their Achievement standards on a Level C description (satisfactory achievement).
By the end of the Band, students will be able to:
|Digital systems||Identify how common digital systems (hardware and software) are used to meet specific purposes.||Describe how a range of digital systems (hardware and software) and their peripheral devices can be used for different purposes.||Explain the fundamentals of digital system components (hardware, software and networks) and how digital systems are connected to form networks.||Distinguish between different types of networks and defined purposes.||Explain the control and management of networked digital systems and the security implications of the interaction between hardware, software and users.|
|Representation of data||Use digital systems to represent simple patterns in data in different ways.||Explain how the same data sets can be represented in different ways.||Explain how digital systems use whole numbers as a basis for representing a variety of data types.||Explain how text, image and audio data can be represented, secured and presented in digital systems.||Explain simple data compression, and why content data are separated from presentation.|
Table 1: Digital Technologies: Sequence of Achievement Standards mapped to the threads of the (F-10) Knowledge and understanding strand
By the end of the Band, students will be able to:
|Collecting, managing and analysing data||Collect familiar data and display them to convey meaning.||Collect and manipulate different data when creating information and digital solutions.||Manage the creation and communication of ideas and information in collaborative digital projects using validated data and agreed protocols.||Plan and manage digital projects to create interactive information.|
Analyse and evaluate data from a range of sources to model and create solutions.
|Take account of privacy and security requirements when selecting and validating data.|
|Creating digital solutions by:|
|Investigating and defining||Design solutions to simple problems using a sequence of steps and decisions.||Define simple problems, design and implement digital solutions using algorithms that involve decision-making and user input.||Define problems in terms of data and functional requirements and design solutions by developing algorithms to address the problems.||Define and decompose problems in terms of functional requirements and constraints.||Define and decompose complex problems in terms of functional and non-functional requirements.|
|Generating and designing||Incorporate decision-making, repetition and user interface design into their designs and implement their digital solutions, including a visual program.||Design user experiences and algorithms incorporating branching and iterations, and test, modify and implement digital solutions.||Design and implement modular programs, including an object-oriented program, using algorithms and data structures involving modular functions that reflect the relationships of real-world data and data entities.|
Design and evaluate user experiences and algorithms.
Test and predict results and implement digital solutions.
|Producing and implementing|
|Evaluating||Explain how the solutions meet their purposes.||Explain how information systems and their solutions meet needs and consider sustainability.||Evaluate information systems and their solutions in terms of meeting needs, innovation and sustainability.||Evaluate information risk, sustainability and potential for innovation and enterprise.|
|Collaborating and managing||Create and organise ideas and information using information systems, and share information in safe online environments.||Safely use and manage information systems for identified needs using agreed protocols and describe how information systems are used.||Manage the creation and communication of ideas and information in collaborative digital projects using validated data and agreed protocols.||Use appropriate protocols when communicating and collaborating online.||Plan and manage digital projects using an iterative approach.|
Share and collaborate online, establishing protocols for the use, transmission and maintenance of data and projects.
Table 2: Digital Technologies: Sequence of Achievement Standards (F-10) Strand: Processes and production skills